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REMINDER: LAST BRUSH PICKUP IS SEPTEMBER 28

Friday, September 25, 2020

The last brush pickup of the year will begin September 28, 2020. During scheduled brush collections, the Street Department will make only one pass through the city to pick up brush. Please have your brush by the front curb, but not in the street, by that first day in the morning at 7 a.m. Brush... more

RAILROAD CROSSING CLOSURES

Thursday, September 24, 2020

Norfolk Southern will be closing the railroad crossings at N. Cottage Avenue and E. Monroe Street from Monday, Sept. 28 to Wednesday, Oct. 7. Both crossings might not be closed at the same time, but Norfolk Southern has not specified exact dates or timeframes for when each crossing will be worked... more

ROAD CLOSURE: BLACKPORT DRIVE

Thursday, September 24, 2020

Blackport Drive will be closed for one day only Friday, Sept. 25, 2020, due to water main construction crossing the intersection of Blackport and Lincoln Avenue. Construction crews will keep the closure as short as possible. While Blackport is closed, through-traffic from Monroe Street needing... more

Upcoming Events All »

LAST brush pickup

Monday, September 28, 2020

During scheduled brush collections, the Street Department will make only one pass through the city to pick up brush. Please have your brush by the front curb, but not in the street, by that Monday morning at 7:00 am. Brush will not be picked up in alleys and the piles should be trash free. Crews cannot access the piles if blocked by vehicles.

Board of Public Works & Safety & Stormwater

Monday, September 28, 2020, 2:00pm

To access a live streaming of this meeting, go to: https://us02web.zoom.us/j/83445903169

Shade Tree Board

Monday, September 28, 2020, 7:00pm

About de escalation

Verbal Skills for De-Escalation

The first thing to know about de-escalation training is that the term itself is somewhat of a misnomer. De-escalation is an outcome, not one specific skill, but to get there our officers must employ a set of verbal—and sometimes physical—skills.

During training, we refer to ‘de-escalation’ as persuasion. Our goal is to persuade people to comply voluntarily with lawful commands. This is the goal of law enforcement across the country, and it’s the type of skill set used most at any given time. The Goshen Police Department encountered more than 30,000 people in 2019, with less than 50 incidents in which anything over compliant handcuffing was required. That means physical force was used just over .1 percent of the time. 

Our officers receive the persuasion class every year as part of training on officer/citizen interactions. We teach de-escalation as an outcome, and that persuasion is an integration of communication combined with physical tactics when necessary. During training, our officers learn to recognize what kind of situation they are responding to and when a situation allows persuasion to be used as a means to de-escalate.

In any given scenario, the officer(s) and person (s) interacting all have influence on the zone between them. The influence can be:

  • Physical: We discuss knowing when distance is helping the issue, and recognizing when it is not. 
  • Temporal: Time allows us to decide between courses of action and pick the best choice. When you take away distance, you start to take away time. 
  • Psychological: Our officers learn the importance of communication of all types, including body language. We discuss the fact that most people, unwittingly or no, develop an impression of someone within 2-7 seconds of meeting them, whether any words were spoken or not.

We teach our officers to try to maintain influence in all three zones, which allows options for resolution. This may allow our officers time to establish contact, build rapport, and establish influence. If our officers they cannot establish rapport with an individual, they cannot influence the individual. 

The course also includes learning about:

  • The OODA loop: The four stage thought process that everyone MUST go through before acting.  Observe, Orient, Decide, Act
  • Recognition Primed Decision Making:  Decisions made in less than two seconds fall into this category.  Rapid decisions made based on previous experiences.
  • Five Universal Truths: A series of principles developed by police trainer Dr. Greg Thompson:
    • All people want to be treated with dignity and respect
    • All people want to be asked rather and told to do something
    • All people want to be told why they are being asked to do something
    • All people want to be given options rather than threats
    • All people want a second chance
  • Assessing the situation to determine what is needed. Is this a criminal issue and ultimately an arrest must be made? Is this a civil issue? Does a person need help?
  • Contaminated Thinking: a condition of thinking in which the person has lost the ability (either temporarily or permanently) to clearly, logically, and / or rationally understand their environment due to mental or physical illness, injury, intoxication, developmental disabilities, or any combination of the above (Azar-Dickens, 2017)

After an initial assessment of the situation and taking action, the officer must then evaluate if what they are doing is working. If it is not, they need to change tactics—all in the span of seconds or fractions of seconds. Sometimes an officer can do everything right and still not be able to influence someone.

In addition to the persuasion course, officers learn verbal skills in the traffic S.T.O.P.S. program.

With scenario training multiple times a year, officers are always emphasized the importance of correctly reading a situation, using verbal communication and proper tactics.  This is carried through our firearms and physical tactics training as well.